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Effects of Testosterone Treatment in Older Men
February 24, 2016
[http://www.nejm.org]
Peter J. Snyder, M.D., Shalender Bhasin, M.D., Glenn R. Cunningham, M.D., Alvin M. Matsumoto, M.D., Alisa J. Stephens-Shields, Ph.D., Jane A. Cauley, Dr.P.H., Thomas M. Gill, M.D., Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, M.D., Ronald S. Swerdloff, M.D., Christina Wang, M.D., Kristine E. Ensrud, M.D., M.P.H., Cora E. Lewis, M.D., M.S.P.H., John T. Farrar, M.D., Ph.D., David Cella, Ph.D., Raymond C. Rosen, Ph.D., Marco Pahor, M.D., Jill P. Crandall, M.D., Mark E. Molitch, M.D., Denise Cifelli, M.S., Darlene Dougar, M.P.H., Laura Fluharty, M.P.H., Susan M. Resnick, Ph.D., Thomas W. Storer, Ph.D., Stephen Anton, Ph.D., Shehzad Basaria, M.D., Susan J. Diem, M.D., M.P.H., Xiaoling Hou, M.S., Emile R. Mohler, III, M.D., J. Kellogg Parsons, M.D., M.H.S., Nanette K. Wenger, M.D., Bret Zeldow, M.S., J. Richard Landis, Ph.D., and Susan S. Ellenberg, Ph.D., for the Testosterone Trials Investigators* N Engl J Med 2016; 374:611-624February 18, 2016DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1506119

Testostérone et sexualité des seniors : ça marche !
Disons sans attendre que porter le taux sérique de testostérone des seniors au niveau moyen de celui des 19-40 ans a un effet significatif sur leurs fonctions sexuelles, y compris sur le désir sexuel et la capacité érectile. Les auteurs précisent que l’amélioration constatée est d’autant plus importante que le taux de testostéronémie obtenu est élevé. En revanche, dans l’essai « fonction physique », la supplémentation en testostérone n’améliore pas de façon significative le nombre de mètres parcourus en 6 minutes...
[Lien / jim.fr]

BACKGROUND
Serum testosterone concentrations decrease as men age, but benefits of raising testosterone levels in older men have not been established.

METHODS
We assigned 790 men 65 years of age or older with a serum testosterone concentration of less than 275 ng per deciliter and symptoms suggesting hypoandrogenism to receive either testosterone gel or placebo gel for 1 year. Each man participated in one or more of three trials — the Sexual Function Trial, the Physical Function Trial, and the Vitality Trial. The primary outcome of each of the individual trials was also evaluated in all participants.

RESULTS
Testosterone treatment increased serum testosterone levels to the mid-normal range for men 19 to 40 years of age. The increase in testosterone levels was associated with significantly increased sexual activity, as assessed by the Psychosexual Daily Questionnaire (P<0.001), as well as significantly increased sexual desire and erectile function. The percentage of men who had an increase of at least 50 m in the 6-minute walking distance did not differ significantly between the two study groups in the Physical Function Trial but did differ significantly when men in all three trials were included (20.5% of men who received testosterone vs. 12.6% of men who received placebo, P=0.003). Testosterone had no significant benefit with respect to vitality, as assessed by the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy–Fatigue scale, but men who received testosterone reported slightly better mood and lower severity of depressive symptoms than those who received placebo. The rates of adverse events were similar in the two groups.

CONCLUSIONS
In symptomatic men 65 years of age or older, raising testosterone concentrations for 1 year from moderately low to the mid-normal range for men 19 to 40 years of age had a moderate benefit with respect to sexual function and some benefit with respect to mood and depressive symptoms but no benefit with respect to vitality or walking distance. The number of participants was too few to draw conclusions about the risks of testosterone treatment.

(Funded by the National Institutes of Health and others; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00799617.)
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